Carbon Capture Storage and Utilization (CEA/MAN/CHE)

(Source: U.S DOE)

Quality of life, in terms of education, infant mortality and life expectancy, correlates with energy consumption. Global energy consumption will increase dramatically in the next decades, and it will largely rely on fossil fuels because of the available reserves, their low cost, the investment in current infrastructure, and the still limited development of renewable energy. The use of fossil fuels is intimately linked to the emission of CO2 into the atmosphere. The current concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere is about 400 ppm (parts per million), which is almost twice the concentration before the Industrial Revolution (200 ppm). Anthropogenic CO2 global emissions add to ~7 GtC/year, of which power plants account for about 40%. The UN Framework Convention on climate change has suggested that the atmospheric concentration of CO2 should not exceed 450 ppm to prevent a major impact on climate conditions. Several technologies have been proposed for mitigating the emission of CO2 into the atmosphere. Two clear options call for reducing the combustion of fossil fuels, and capturing the generated CO2 followed by permanent sequestration. In this respect, the emission of CO2 to the atmosphere can be reduced by the development and implementation of carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) technologies. The CCUS technologies have been actively pursued in the last decades in both countries – USA and Korea.

 

 

    Chair:

    Seunghee Kim 

    University of Nebraska-Lincoln

   Co-Chair:

    Sunho Choi

    Northeastern University

 

Session Program

     [Invited] Darin Damiani (Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. Department of Energy)Overview of U.S. Department of Energy’s Carbon Storage R&D Program 

     Martin Byung-Guk Jun (Purdue University), Fiber Optic Sensor for Sensing Carbon Dioxide Gas 

     Seunghee Kim (University of Nebraska-Lincoln), Pore-Network Simulations for CO2 Geologic Sequestration

     Minsu Cha (Texas A&M University), Thermal Fracturing in Reservoirs – Implications in CO2 Geostorage

     Jihoon Kim (Texas A&M University), Joint Analysis of Integrated Flow, Geomechanics, and Geophysics in Geological CO2 Sequestration

    Yongchul Chung (Pusan National University), Predictive Modeling of Nanoporous Materials for Carbon Capture

    Jeong Woo Kim (University of Calgary), Porosity Variations in Gravimetric Modelling of Geological CO2 Reservoir